Peter Lassen is just one of many early pioneers you can learn about at the California Trail Interpretive Center in Elko, Nevada. Lassen forged his way westward and left an unforgettable legacy in California that remains fascinating to this day.
From Blacksmith To Pioneer
Born on October 31st, 1800, in Farum, Denmark, Peter Lassen’s life had humble beginnings. His father was a farmer, and it was difficult for the family to make ends meet. At age 17, Peter went to live with an uncle who apprenticed him into the blacksmith trade. Shortly before his 30th birthday, Peter sailed to the United States and never returned to Denmark.
He settled in Boston, MA, but it wasn’t long before he expressed a desire to move West and create a new life in California. Lassen was among the early emigrants headed overland to California. He departed from Missouri in 1839, along with ten other men and two women.
Ranching In California
While still in Missouri, Peter met John Sutter, and the two men quickly became friends. Upon arriving in California, Lassen settled near Sutter’s Fort and started a lumber business. While the company thrived, Lassen grew restless and moved on from lumber to ranching. He requested land from Mexico (California was not yet part of the United States) and was granted 22,000 acres of land.
He fell in love with ranching and built a house, store, and even a nearby gristmill. He hoped to encourage more settlers to build a community there. Perhaps this was what motivated him to create the treacherous Lassen Cutoff.
The Lassen Cutoff
The Lassen cutoff was created as a “shortcut” to the California goldfields. Unfortunately, it led many of the 49ers astray. The route was challenging and led emigrants nearly 150 miles farther than other, more proven paths. Many speculate that Peter Lassen wanted to lure people to his ranch to stock up on necessary supplies, putting extra money in his pocket.
A Mysterious Murder
Peter Lassen was shot and killed on April 26th, 1859, along with his friend, Edward Clapper. They were traveling in search of rumored silver mines. Another friend traveling with them, Americus Wyatt, miraculously escaped. Wyatt told everyone that the Nothern Paiutes were to blame, but there was no evidence that any Native American tribes were involved.
While we can’t know for sure who killed Peter Lassen, many historians now believe that Wyatt was the culprit and lied to cover it up. Lassen and Clapper are both buried in Honey Lake Valley, near a large Ponderosa pine Tree.
The Lassen Legacy
Although Peter Lassen wasn’t universally loved in his time, his legacy is still present throughout California. If you travel through the areas he visited and settled, you will find many locations and landmarks named after him, including Lassen National Forest, Lassen Peak, and Lassen Volcanic National Park.
Peter Lassen was an interesting man who wasn’t afraid to try new things and boldly claim his destiny.
- Lassen was friends with John Sutter and stayed at Sutter’s Fort.
- He was an experienced blacksmith, lumber worker, and rancher.
- He developed the infamous Lassen Cutoff as part of the Applegate Trail.
- He never married or had any children.
- Peter was mysteriously murdered while searching for silver mines.
- His legacy is found throughout the state of California.
Plan A Visit To The Trail Center
There are many exciting pioneers and emigrants like Peter Lassen, who made their way along the rugged and majestic California Trail. Plan a visit to the California Interpretive Trail Center and learn about some of the most famous people who traveled the trail and its landmarks. Contact us today to find out more information about your visit. We can’t wait to see you.