The telegraph made it possible to communicate with citizens all across our growing nation. The first transcontinental telegraph followed the overland route used by many emigrant trails. This includes the California trail, which you can learn all about when you visit the California Trail Interpretive Center in Elko, NV.
What Is A Telegraph?
How could messages be sent across instantly before the internet was invented? They were posted by telegraph. Telegraph is an electrical current sent along a wire with a coded message.
Yes, That Morse Code
Samuel F. B. Morse invented not only the technology but also a code known today as Morse code. In Morse code, a letter of the alphabet has its own unique sequence of dots and dashes. A telegraph operator tapped these out and sent them along the wire.
These messages could be sent anywhere there was a connection, almost instantly.
A Complicated Endeavor
There were many complications in setting up telegraph wires across the continental United States. The rugged mountains and terrain of the west was a challenge for workers to navigate.
Many emigrants already knew this, as they had been traveling the same California and Oregon trails for several years by then. Wood for poles was also sparse, which meant it had to be shipped in from other areas and moved along the telegraph line as it grew.
Trouble With The Natives?
It is said that during the construction of the telegraph line a Sioux tribe stole a significant length of the telegraph wire. They used the stolen wire to make bracelets. When some of the bracelet-wearing Sioux people became sick, their medicine man convinced them the illness was revenge from the spirit of the “talking wire.”
After that, there was no more trouble from native peoples trying to sabotage telegraph building work. There are many fascinating stories and facts associated with the first transcontinental telegraph.
- Samuel F. B. Morse was also an art professor.
- The Western Union Company installed the telegraph line.
- Congress approved the transcontinental telegraph in 1860.
- The eastern and western networks connected in Salt Lake City, UT.
- It cost $40,000 to join the two lines.
Out With The Old
The first transcontinental telegraph message was sent on October 24th, 1861 from Chief Justice Stephen J. Field in San Francisco to President Abraham Lincoln in Washington D.C.
This new method of communication meant that the Pony Express, which carried fast messages along the California Trail and other routes was now obsolete. It ceased operations just two days later.
Advances in technology mean we’re always saying goodbye to something old and welcoming in something new.
Explore History At The California Trail Interpretive Center
The California Trail was a useful route for the first transcontinental telegraph. Plan your visit to the California Trail Interpretive Center today and learn more about the importance of the trail in the history of the United States.
Our center has interactive exhibits and special events. We can’t wait to share with you the wonder of the trail and the people who traveled its path.